Exchanges: The Interdisciplinary Research Journal 2019-12-16T02:01:22+00:00 Dr Gareth J Johnson Open Journal Systems <p><em>Exchanges: The Interdisciplinary Research Journal</em> is a peer-reviewed, open access, online journal dedicated to the publication of high-quality work by researchers in all disciplines, especially early career researchers and emerging domain experts,&nbsp;along with those combining research with academic teaching or other professional employment. The journal welcomes articles from all academic areas, including interdisciplinary research and co-authored papers, in order to encourage intellectual exchange and debate across research communities.</p> <p>The journal's operations are overseen by a Managing Editor-in-Chief Editor based at&nbsp;the University of Warwick, UK, supported by an international Editorial Board comprising early career researchers from around the world. The title is usually published bi-annually. It also provides both editors and authors with a readily accessible and supportive environment in which to develop academic writing and publishing skills of the highest order.</p> <p>Please view our <a title="Focus and Scope" href=""><strong>Focus and Scope</strong></a> or <a title="Submit and article" href=""><strong>Submit an Article </strong></a> using our five step submission process.</p> Effective Contributor Communication and Editorial Process Efficacy 2019-12-16T02:01:19+00:00 Gareth J Johnson <p>This is editorial for this issue, which discusses problems faced by scholar-led journals and contributor communications, and some of the steps taken to minimise them. It also includes a minor correction to an earlier volume along with highlights of the articles published in this issue of&nbsp;<em>Exchanges.</em> The editorial also includes details of the current calls for papers, both thematic and general ones, alongside acknowledgements and details on where to find out more information on contributing to <em>Exchanges</em>.</p> 2019-10-31T10:44:33+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Artist in and of the Work 2019-12-16T02:01:22+00:00 Ian Tan <p class="AbstractText" style="text-align: justify;">This paper will explore the problematic link between biography and literature as it is self-consciously demonstrated by Stephen’s theory about Shakespeare in the ‘Scylla and Charybdis’ episode of James Joyce’s Ulysses. I argue how Stephen’s construction of the link between Shakespeare’s life and his work both illuminates and repeats a larger critical gesture between biography and literature. This is based on a mode of hermeneutical temporality which sees the present moment as containing within itself temporal fullness to be realised in a teleological fashion. However, Joyce’s own ironic construction of Stephen, who disavows his own theorizing, should alert us as to how much we can take this theory at face value with respect to a character who invokes the name of Shakespeare as much to construct a theory of him as to deconstruct it. In response to this, I argue that Rene Girard’s reading of Shakespeare in terms of mimetic desire provides a more compelling picture of the ways in which not only his characters, but the characters in Ulysses understand and articulate sexual desire as mediated by a prior belatedness patterned on the desire of the Other. However, I problematize Girard’s reading of Shakespeare and Joyce, and my final contention is that the desire of reading and self-fashioning is set in motion not so much by mimetic recognition as it is by the Lacanian notion of misrecognition. This forms the discursive conditions of the articulation of that desire while irrevocably fracturing not only the Girardian idea of the triangulation of desire, but also the ‘loop’ of literature and biography by thwarting all attempts to speak and desire from the place of the Other, as the Other.</p> 2019-10-22T15:31:59+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Problems of Reading Comprehension In Learning Chinese As A Second Language Among Undergraduates of Chinese Studies in Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria 2019-12-16T02:01:22+00:00 Victor C Eze Stellamaris Oluchi Ejiofor <p class="AbstractText" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;">Several Chinese language teaching and learning centres are being established in Nigeria and around the world. There are Chinese government-funded institutions such as the Confucius Institutes in addition to Chinese language courses being taught through universities, colleges, private institutions as well as individual tutoring services. Learning a second language involves physical, intellectual and emotional commitment in order to successfully understand and interpret linguistic messages. However, certain problems could hinder understanding while learning a second language like Mandarin (Chinese Language). This study investigated the problems of reading comprehension in learning Chinese as a second language in Nigeria among students of Chinese Studies Department in Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. Schemata theory of reading comprehension was employed as the theoretical framework of this research. The study surveyed fifty (50) Chinese Studies students by administering copies of questionnaire on them. Findings of this study revealed that the major problems students face in the study of Chinese language as foreign language are lack of adequate knowledge of Chinese vocabularies, reading stress and anxiety, wrong reading habits and lack of adequate infrastructures for reading. This study suggests that the government, the university authorities and language schools should provide adequate reading facilities to aid proper reading comprehension. Also, the language students should be counselled in order to diagnose their reading problems for appropriate solution.</p> 2019-10-30T10:26:40+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Multi-objective Production Planning for a Flexible Manufacturing System based on NSBBO Method 2019-12-16T02:01:21+00:00 Nguyen Huu Tho <p>The dramatic expansion in the global manufacturing market has created a demand for small and medium enterprise (SME) to apply the advanced manufacturing technology (AMT). The flexible manufacturing system (FMS) is considered as a highly competitive manufacturing strategy to ensure the success of the enterprises in the developing countries. The implementation of FMS, however, is an intractable task that requires complete integration of numerous components from various vendors. This paper presents a multi-objective production planning model for selecting the most suitable combination of machines and operations in machining processes to simultaneously minimize the system unbalance, makespan (MK) and total flow time. The proposed model considered the capacity of machines, tool magazines, batch sizes, processing time and the time taken to transport machining parts. Moreover, it also considered the different allocation of each part of batch into various machines. The principle of biogeography-based optimization (BBO) is adapted to explore the possibilities of attaining feasible solutions for a formulated problem. The most appropriate solutions in selecting the machine and operation allocation were determined based on non-dominated sorting BBO procedure (NSBBO) and validated by FlexSim simulation environment. The obtained results highlighted the practical applicability in the implementation of FMS.</p> 2019-10-30T12:04:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Electric Motor and Dry Clutch Control in Launch Manoeuvres of Mild-Hybrid Vehicles Based on AMT/DCT Transmissions 2019-12-16T02:01:21+00:00 Mario Pisaturo Adolfo Senatore, Prof. <p>Mild-Hybrid Electric Vehicles (mild-HEVs) earned market share over the last years an as effective roadmap to limit air pollution in big cities. In addition to this role, hybrid propulsion can be used to avoid dry clutch overheating in mild-HEVs equipped with automated manual transmissions. Indeed, high thermal level could result in serious damaging of dry clutch linings with very fast decay of expected lifespan affecting vehicle reliability. This paper shows results of vehicle launch simulations to highlight how the propulsion due to electric motor can effectively reduce clutch thermal stress during the slipping phase.</p> 2019-10-30T14:02:40+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Is there an I in Impact? Considering the two-way process of public engagement. 2019-12-16T02:01:20+00:00 Isabelle Heyerick <p>This article is a critical reflection on public engagement and the concept of impact in UK research institutions, based on a recent experience. The UK impact agenda, driven by the Research Excellence Framework (REF), requires researchers to engage with the public in order to potentially have an impact on society.&nbsp; This, I argue, constitutes the implicit directionality of impact as a one-way process. Recently, I provided a workshop for Flemish Sign Language (VGT) interpreters entitled ‘I interpret, therefore I am’ at the Faculty of Arts of the KU Leuven (Antwerp, Belgium). The aim of the workshop, in line with the impact agenda, was to increase participants’ awareness about the interpreting process and change their perception of how an interpreter’s personal beliefs potentially influence his/her linguistic choices. However, interacting with the participants also had an impact on my current research design and me as a researcher. This particular experience led me to reconsider the implicit idea of impact as a one-way process. In what follows I argue that, impact can and - in my opinion - should be a two-way process, encouraging interaction with the public in order to have a valuable impact on society, research and the researcher.</p> 2019-10-30T14:07:12+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Challenging Binaries and Unfencing Fields 2019-12-16T02:01:20+00:00 Rebekah Vince Hanna Teichler <p>Bryan Cheyette is Professor of Modern Literature and Culture at the University of Reading, where he directs the Identities and Minorities research group. His comparative research focuses on critical ‘race’ theory, postcolonial literature and theory, diasporic literature, Holocaust testimony, and, more recently, the social history of the ghetto. In January 2019, the Warwick Memory Group invited Bryan Cheyette to give a public lecture on ‘The Ghetto as Travelling Concept’, in the light of his forthcoming A Very Short Introduction to the Ghetto (2020), and a workshop on ‘Unfenced Fields in Academia and Beyond’. In a wide-ranging interview, Bryan Cheyette speaks of the interconnections between Jewish studies and postcolonial studies, bringing these into dialogue with memory discourses and our contemporary moment.</p> <p><em>Image of Prof Cheyette, photo credit Cesar Rodriguez</em></p> 2019-10-30T14:21:56+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##