Exchanges: The Interdisciplinary Research Journal <p><em>Exchanges: The Interdisciplinary Research Journal</em> is a peer-reviewed, open access, online journal dedicated to the publication of high-quality work by researchers in all disciplines, especially early career researchers and emerging domain experts,&nbsp;along with those combining research with academic teaching or other professional employment. The journal welcomes articles from all academic areas, including interdisciplinary research and co-authored papers, in order to encourage intellectual exchange and debate across research communities.</p> <p>The journal is managed by a Senior Editor based at&nbsp;the University of Warwick, UK, supported by an international Editorial Board comprising early career researchers from around the world. The title is usually published bi-annually. 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Third-party users may not apply legal terms or technological measures to the published article which legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</p> <p><strong>If accepted for publication authors’ work will be made open access and distributed under a&nbsp;<a title="Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license text" href="">Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY)</a> license unless previously agreed with Exchanges’ Senior Editor prior to submission.</strong></p> <p>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.<br><br> Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. (see: <a href="" target="_blank">The Effect of Open Access</a>)</p> (Dr Gareth J Johnson) (Dr Gareth J Johnson) Fri, 08 Jun 2018 11:55:57 +0100 OJS 60 Regimes of Truth and Other Revelations <p>Introduction to the tenth issue of Exchanges, and the first issue under a new Senior Editor and subtitle alike. This issue has a themed section with several&nbsp;articles addressing the topic of&nbsp;<em>Truth and Evidence</em>, from differing and unique disciplinary perspectives. Alongside this, the journal also contains interviews, and closes with a critical reflection on a law conference. This article introduces the issue, an overview of its contents and moreover provides insights into the developmental progress of the journal itself.&nbsp;</p> <p><iframe class="youtube-player" title="YouTube video player" src="" width="640" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen=""></iframe></p> Gareth J Johnson ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 08 Jun 2018 11:27:10 +0100 Memory Studies Goes Planetary: An Interview with Stef Craps <p>Stef Craps is Associate Professor of English Literature at Ghent University, where he directs the Cultural Memory Studies Initiative (CMSI). He is an internationally recognised scholar whose research focuses on postcolonial literatures, trauma theory, transcultural Holocaust memory, and, more recently, climate change fiction. He has published widely on these issues, including in the seminal Postcolonial Witnessing: Trauma Out of Bounds (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013). He visited Warwick to deliver a public lecture and graduate workshop for the Warwick Memory Group in October 2017. In a wide-ranging interview, Stef Craps spoke about present and future directions in memory and trauma studies, the differences between transnational and transcultural memories, the ethics and politics of memory (studies), and the challenges faced by the field looking to the future.</p> Maria Roca Lizarazu, Rebekah Vince ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 31 May 2018 11:32:30 +0100 Meaning and Methodology <p>Addressing scholars new to ethnography in an interdisciplinary perspective, Prof. Marion Demossier and Dr. Margaret Hills de Zárate offer some reflections on the broader opportunities and implications of ethnographic approaches as a search not for truth, or rules, but for meaning in context. The authors discuss the opportunities and challenges of ethnography as opposed to other forms of data collection, reflexivity, the relationship between ethnography and text, and provide a range of further references.</p> Georgia Wall ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 07 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0100 Blurring the Boundaries Between Life and Death: <p><em>This article aims to engage with and problematise traditional ideas relating to re-enacted sequences within documentary films, and how these sequences might allow audiences a new and previously denied access to some level of so-called ‘truth.’ Positing that re-enactments essentially function as devices of distraction and fantasy, Bill Nichols (<strong>2008</strong>) sheds invaluable insight onto the nature of ‘truth’ in the use of re-enactments in documentary filmmaking. This article engages with, and attempts to build upon this existing scholarship, by performing a closer examination of the ways in which filmmakers deploy strategies of re-enactment in Carol Morley’s </em>Dreams of a Life<em> (<strong>2011</strong>) and Clio Barnard’s </em>The Arbor<em> (<strong>2010</strong>). Re-enactments are employed by their respective filmmakers not solely in order to present complete rejections of reality, but also to depict the filmmaking processes and the ways in which they have been ‘worked through’ to audiences in innovative and reflexive ways. Through the specific utilisation of stylistic features that directly and obtrusively call attention to a documentary’s status </em>as<em> documentary, filmmakers do </em>not <em>wholeheartedly reject real-life events. Instead, they continually draw attention to the artifice of their artworks, reminding audiences that there can, indeed, only ever be ‘</em>a<em> view from which the past yields up its truth’, and that these views are completely and wholly unstable and elusive.</em></p> Daisy Richards ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 07 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0100 Where Truth Lies in Advertising <p><em>Consumer advertising, characterised by its persuasive intent and attention value, is a form of propositional communication that contextually hinges on the psychology of human needs and desires. The advertiser’s objective is to depict – with some poetic licence – commercially available items as beneficial and vital. Truthful depiction is not among the objectives of the marketing plan; however, persuasive effectiveness is contingent upon successful synthesis of fact and concoction. Thus, an essence of reality must be crafted into the text to induce target-market confidence. Another consideration is memorability of the advertisement experience, particularly the brand name and its associated positive qualities. Further, it must be readable and socially accessible to achieve receiver engagement. This article – using the five social functions of language and Jakobson’s communication language model (<strong>Leech, 1981</strong>) – investigates the complex phenomenon of meaning-creation in press advertisements</em><a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1">[i]</a><em> to discover their ecological infrastructure. What are the relationships between elements? And how do these render the potential to generate persuasive propositions that linger? Analysis shows that attention-getting features are primary carriers of hidden meanings; and, if realised, these create persuasive impressions of essential and/or urgently needed benefits available in the advertised item. Further investigation reveals that the hidden meanings are cached in a trifecta of thematic information, presupposition and implicature that renders a meaning-making vehicle to deliver advertiser propositions. This strategic apparatus – governed by a principle of semantic interdependency of linguistic, semiotic and intertextual elements – is terminologically labelled as </em>collateral bundling<em>.&nbsp;</em></p> Connie de Silva ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 07 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0100 Proof and Uncertainty in Causal Claims <p><em>Causal questions drive scientific enquiry. From Hume to Granger, and Rubin to Pearl the history of science is full of examples of scientists testing new theories in an effort to uncover causal mechanisms. The difficulty of drawing causal conclusions from observational data has prompted developments in new methodologies, most notably in the area of graphical models. We explore the relationship between existing theories about causal mechanisms in a social science domain, new mathematical and statistical modelling methods, the role of mathematical proof and the importance of accounting for uncertainty. We show that, while the mathematical sciences rely on their modelling assumptions, dialogue with the social sciences calls for continual extension of these models. We show how changing model assumptions lead to innovative causal structures and more nuanced casual explanations. We review differing techniques for determining cause in different disciplines using causal theories from psychology, medicine, and economics.</em></p> Martine Jayne Barons, Rachel L Wilkerson ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 07 Jun 2018 15:32:49 +0100 One and Many Truths Artistically Acknowledged <p>Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice and William Blake’s The Marriage of Heaven and Hell both question, criticise and reinterpret the concept of ‘truth universally acknowledged’. From the intrinsic relation between the particular and the universal, to the scission between impressions and ideas, Pride and Prejudice concerns some elements of the entire dispute of knowledge. Moreover, The Marriage of Heaven and Hell urges us to reconsider any truth that we recognise as legitimately established, in the attempt to convey that it is our right and duty to determine what we believe – according to our senses, perceptions and feelings. In the eighteenth century, the philosophers of the Enlightenment were indeed disputing the origins of truth and more importantly the ways through which truth is uncovered. In a postmodern world, when, as John D. Caputo remarks, the only universality we acknowledge is diversity, fiction can lead us toward a more profound comprehension of reality – while enriching the flux of our imagination as we perceive the infinite possibilities inherent in human life. This literary approach to the world and its truth prompts us to contemplate existence from a different perspective, to find new meanings presumably hidden beneath the subjectivity of our judgement – to separate specific from universal knowledge. For, even if the prospect of formulating a commonly accepted norm of truth will always endure as humanity’s major interest, the real nature of our beliefs is inseparable from our ability to endlessly create, envision and conceive the unrevealed.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Sara Marzana ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 07 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0100 Can Implicit Measures Contribute to a True Understanding of People's Attitudes and Stereotypes? <p>Traditionally psychologists used explicit self-reports to better understand individuals’ attitudes but influences such as social desirability and impression management often made this method of data collection unreliable. This article describes the origins and the advancements of one of the most studied topics in social psychology - Implicit Social Cognition. Unobtrusive/indirect research methods were initially used to overcome the problems of using self-reports. Subsequently, reaction time tasks such as the Implicit Association Test (IAT) were developed to enable researchers to measure response biases, at the individual level, in socially sensitive domains such as prejudice towards minority groups. Automaticity is a core requirement for a measure to be described as implicit and therefore, fast reaction times (&lt; 2,000 milliseconds) are needed. This article will describe under what conditions implicit and explicit measures are and are not related, including the theoretical basis for these relations. The value of using both implicit and explicit measures to predict behaviour will be explained, along with a discussion on what implicit measure are detecting. In certain domains or under specific conditions, implicit measures can contribute to providing a true understanding of attitudes and stereotypes.</p> Brian O'Shea ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 08 Jun 2018 09:55:38 +0100 Dissents and Dispositions <p class="AbstractText">This article provides critical reflections on the Conference of the Law, Literature and Humanities Association of Australasia, held on 12-14 December 2017 at La Trobe University and the University of Melbourne, Australia. The conference theme of dissents and dispositions ‘invited consideration of the arrangements and rearrangements of the conduct of law and life; of the dispositions of law and jurisprudence, and how these relate to dissents, resistance and transformation.’ Speakers discussed law, literature, public art, visuality, media, gender and sexuality. The various papers collectively raised questions of how the law is, through art and other mediums, arranged and subsequently – sometimes violently and sometimes politely – rearranged, constantly in a process of developing, evolving, never finishing, and always applying its words and touch to new circumstances.</p> Sean Mulcahy ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 07 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0100