Exchanges: The Interdisciplinary Research Journal https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/ <p><em>Exchanges: The Interdisciplinary Research Journal</em> is a peer-reviewed, open access, online journal dedicated to the publication of high-quality work by researchers in all disciplines, especially early career researchers and emerging domain experts,&nbsp;along with those combining research with academic teaching or other professional employment. The journal welcomes articles from all academic areas, including interdisciplinary research and co-authored papers, in order to encourage intellectual exchange and debate across research communities.</p> <p>The journal's operations are overseen by a Managing Editor-in-Chief Editor based at&nbsp;the University of Warwick, UK, supported by an international Editorial Board comprising early career researchers from around the world. The title is usually published bi-annually. It also provides both editors and authors with a readily accessible and supportive environment in which to develop academic writing and publishing skills of the highest order.</p> <p>Please view our <a title="Focus and Scope" href="http://journals.warwick.ac.uk/index.php/exchanges/about"><strong>Focus and Scope</strong></a> or <a title="Submit and article" href="http://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/index.php/exchanges/about/submissions#onlineSubmissions"><strong>Submit an Article </strong></a> using our five step submission process.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (<strong>CC-BY</strong>),&nbsp;which permits use and redistribution of the work provided that the original author and source are credited, a link to the license is included, and an indication of changes which were made. Third-party users may not apply legal terms or technological measures to the published article which legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</p> <p><strong>If accepted for publication authors’ work will be made open access and distributed under a&nbsp;<a title="Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license text" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY)</a> license unless previously agreed with Exchanges’ Editor-in-Chief prior to submission.</strong></p> <p>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.<br><br> Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. (see: <a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Effect of Open Access</a>)</p> exchangesjournal@warwick.ac.uk (Dr Gareth J Johnson) exchangesjournal@warwick.ac.uk (Dr Gareth J Johnson) Wed, 01 May 2019 15:51:51 +0100 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Reflections, Anxieties, Developments & Quality https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/443 <p>This is the editorial for the twelfth issue of Exchanges: The Interdisciplinary Research Journal, published spring 2019. This issue contains a number of articles including: examinations of autism spectrum disorders, Indonesian education policy, image processing for viral recognition, international students' interpersonal communication, and postgraduate event organisation. The issue also includes a full author and article index to the first six volumes of the journal. The editorial itself takes a reflective look back over the past year of development of the journal and the scholarly communication environment, drawing on some of the social media posts by the Editor-in-chief. It concludes with a call for papers on the theme of 'in-between spaces', and highlights some exciting special issue developments coming over the next 18 months.</p> Gareth J Johnson ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/443 Wed, 01 May 2019 15:13:55 +0100 The Social Stigma and the Challenges of Raising a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in Greece https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/200 <p>This paper describes the social stigma and the challenges some Greek parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) faced in Athens, Greece. The sample consisted of seventy-four parents of children with ASD and a mixed methods approach was used; (seventy - four parents completed a semi - structured questionnaire and twenty had semi-structured interviews). The quantitative and qualitative findings show these parents and families of ASD children experienced stigma in various ways which played a major role in making their lives difficult. This study offers a lens through which to view attitudes towards disability, stigmatisation, especially when resources are scarce. It was conducted in Greece during the period of austerity, affecting the delivery of education within social – cultural restraints. So studies at a different time or in another place could produce other findings.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Eirini Veroni ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/200 Tue, 30 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Decentralised Education Policy in Indonesia https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/240 <div class="grammarly-disable-indicator"> <p><em>This review aims </em><em>to discover and investigate using available literature, the advantages and the challenges of changing the educational policy from a centralisation to a decentralisation, particularly to look at more closely on teachers’ readiness toward the new educational transformation in Indonesia. Since 2003, with the introduction of decentralisation in Indonesian educational system, teachers and principals have been given more influence and authorities to manage their educational practices. </em><em>However, there are some problems and challenges faced by teachers and the government in implementing the system. Therefore, this review evaluates benefits and obstacles of the implementation of decentralisation in Indonesian contexts. Findings of this study were gained through a synthesis research where the current empirical studies surrounding the notion of decentralised education were descriptively analysed, integrated and synthesised. It reveals that </em><em>while the decentralisation</em><em> has offered several promises that might contribute to the better movement of educational practices, the decentralised education system in Indonesia is still distrait by uneven teachers’ quality, low commitments of teachers and principals, and the poor participation of parents and local societies in succeeding the school committee program. Therefore, in order to succeed the transformation, this review concludes that promoting continual teachers’ education and training, creating teachers’ professional career pathway, and encouraging local monitoring for teachers are fundamental aspects to be developed.</em></p> </div> Ahmad Ardillah Rahman ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/240 Tue, 30 Apr 2019 14:50:21 +0100 Designing the Yellow Head Virus Syndrome Recognition Application for Shrimp on an Embedded System https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/309 <p><em>One of the most serious problems confronted by the shrimp farming industry is the disease caused by the yellow head virus (YHV). This research proposes an image processing algorithm to detect, identify and eliminate shrimp with the yellow head virus from the Litopenaeus vannamei gathering lines. Using a Raspberry Pi 3 module with the support of the OpenCV library which may be associated with Niblack’s algorithm is primarily suitable for segmentation. First, the shrimp object was identified and separated from the background using the image segmentation technique and the boundary that surrounds the object. Then, identification of diseased shrimp was analysed based on colour threshold. In this study, the sample of shrimp disease group had the highest amount of ratio, with about 6% to 11%. Most of the samples without the disease had a ratio of 0%. The experimental results show that the system can identify and accurately determine the coordinates of shrimp with yellow head virus disease and send information to the shrimp classification system in the food industry.</em></p> Truong Quoc Bao, Tran Chi Cuong, Nguyen Dinh Tu, Le Hoang Dang, Luu Trong Hieu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/309 Tue, 30 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Differences in Interpersonal Communication Efficacy among Chinese and International Students https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/350 <p>Within Chinese societies, as in western ones, interpersonal relationships, which can also be called social relations, are one of the most important needs for human beings. Within universities, Interpersonal Communication Efficacy (ICE) has been regarded as having a direct influence on the psychological health of undergraduate students. Based upon the theory of Bandura’s self-efficacy and Xie Jing’s ICE, this article compares the extent of ICE between domestic and international students in a Chinese university. The aim is to identify the similarities and differences between the two research groups, and the implications for the stakeholders (students, teachers, policy-makers, and researchers). A case study was conducted using a questionnaire survey. By employing the methods of quantitative analysis, the questionnaires of 390 respondents were analysed by using variance analysis of SPSS software. The findings of the study reveal that Chinese students are more likely to pay attention to interpersonal communication, and are more interdependent than other international students. This implies the importance of teaching communication skills, improving interpersonal communication efficacy, and understanding teaching and learning across cultures within the ongoing internationalisation of education.</p> Xintong Lu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/350 Wed, 01 May 2019 12:24:58 +0100 Organising a Multidisciplinary Postgraduate Colloquium https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/348 <p class="AbstractText" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;">The Warwick Postgraduate Colloquium in Computer Science (WPCCS) is an annual event for research students in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Warwick. The aims of the colloquium are to provide: (i) an experience of a conference setting for students, (ii) a place to practise presentation skills, (iii) a place to receive feedback and suggestions on their research, and (iv) an opportunity to learn about research being performed by other attendees. WPCCS has been held annually since 2003, but since 2016 many changes have been made to the event; in particular the introduction of networking aids (such as conference guides and lanyards), a new venue, the introduction of guest speakers and various efforts to encourage attendance. Meanwhile the number of submissions has increased, placing strain on the colloquium’s schedule and budget. In this paper the organising committees from 2016, 2017, and 2018 reflect critically on the experience WPCCS delivers to the attendees. We present an examination of what worked well, what did not work, and what we would like to try in the future, with the aim that these experiences are useful to the organisers of similar events.</p> Matthew Bradbury, Melissa Kenny, Richard Kirk, David Purser, Liam Steadman, Gregory Watson ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/348 Wed, 01 May 2019 14:50:57 +0100 Articles and Authors Index for Exchanges https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/444 <p><em>This article provides a practical guide to the scholarly work and authorial contributors to the Exchanges journal since its inception. It incorporates two forms of index. Firstly a volume by volume listing of articles, authors, subjects and links. Secondly, an author index, providing information on the issues to which each has contributed.</em></p> Gareth J Johnson ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/444 Wed, 01 May 2019 00:00:00 +0100