Brasiguaio Identities: An outcome of the pursuit of land across the Brazilian and Paraguayan shared border region


  • Marcos Estrada Department of Sociology, IAS, and PAIS, University of Warwick
  • Marcos Estrada Centre for Interdisciplinary Methodologies, University of Warwick



migration, borders, transnationalism, Brazil, Paraguay, Brasiguaios


The movement of people between places is far from being a new or isolated phenomenon and is happening more often than before. This is also the case for individuals who moved from Brazil and Paraguay. Based on the existing literature as well as on data gathered in the landless camp Antônio Irmão, also known locally as the ‘Brasiguaios landless camp’ in Itaquiraí in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, this article explains how their search for a piece of land in either Brazil and Paraguay influenced the formation of the Brasiguaios identities. First, I briefly approach the foundation of transnationalism scholarship, which guided my research. Next, I demonstrate how land policies in Brazil and Paraguay, aimed at developing their respective border regions, played a role in the migration of Brazilians to Paraguayan and then the return of a number of them to Brazil. Last, I share the narrative of individuals in the Brasiguaio landless camp in the pursuit of land in either country. At the core of my argument is that the Brasiguaio identities of this landless group result from their pursuit of land rather than from migration processes.


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Author Biography

Marcos Estrada, Department of Sociology, IAS, and PAIS, University of Warwick

Marcos Estrada completed his PhD thesis in sociology on migration and transnationalism across Brazil and Paraguay. As part of his PhD, he produced a documentary on the Brazilian returnees from Paraguay currently living in a landless camp in Brazil, upcoming in June 2017.